Mushrooms: Did You Know???
According to the latest FreshFacts on Retail from the United Fresh Produce Association, 49% of U.S. households bought mushrooms in the past 12 months, and while white button mushroom sales are showing a slight decline, specialty mushroom sales were up …
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Anyone who supposes botany cant be cool ought to know about a recently discovered lichen that researchers believe could contain two of the strongest hallucinogenic compounds known to man, making it a candidate for the trippiest scientific development of recent years.
Discovered in the Ecuadorian Amazon, the species appears to contain both psilocybin which is famously may be in magic mushrooms and a variant ofDMT, the active ingredient in the sacred Amazonian brew known as ayahuasca, which has been used in shamanic rituals for centuries.
Though the Amazon is well known for its hallucinogenic plants, rumors about a psychedelic lichen were for many years thought to be nothing more than local legend. Unlike plants, lichens are composite organisms that arise from algae or a type of bacteria called cyanobacteria, which form symbiotic relationships with fungi.
The first clues as to the existence of this fabled lichen arrived when an ethnobotanical expedition from Harvard set out to try and locate it in 1981, and returned with a previously unknown species that seemed to match the description given by members of the Waorani tribe, who claimed to use the lichen in their rituals.
The lichen Dictyonema huaorani was found in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Schmull et al/ The Bryologist
The specimen named Dictyonema huaorani in honor of the Waorani then sat in storage for more than three decades, until a team of researchers decided to analyze its DNA in search of clues as to which compounds it creates. Publishing their findings in the periodical The Bryologist, the study authors reveal that the lichen contains genes thatare likely to be involved in the synthesis of both psilocybin and DMT, building it an all-in-one super hallucinogen.
However, because they only had a very small amount of instead old material to work with, they insist that their results are only tentative, and that a more thorough analysis of Dictyonema huaorani will be needed in order to confirm the presence of these compounds.
Given that both psilocybin and DMT are currently attracting the attention of neuroscientists for their apparent they are able to treat neurological disorders, the existence of a lichen containing both of these substances if confirmed could be hugely valuable to both Western scientists and Amazonian healers alike.Continue reading
Claire Dederer has written what is surely one of the most excruciatingly frank memoirs ever raw, revealing and explicit
In the days before I’m due to speak to the writer Claire Dederer, the Freudian in me( admittedly quite a diminutive figure) begins to wonder if she isn’t subconsciously trying to wriggle out of our dialogue. First, there’s trouble with her broadband connect, which entails Skype is out of the question( she lives on an island merely off Seattle ). Then I’m told that thanks to a terrible collision involving a pavement and her face, I’ll have to wait a few days while mobility is restored to her stitched lip. Even when I do finally hear her( slightly subdued) voice down the line, part of me is still convinced she’s about to hang up. After all, writers do sometimes suffer from the equivalent of buyer’s regret- and she would have more reason than most for doing so, being the author of what is surely one of the most excruciatingly frank memoirs ever to make it to hard covers.
When she first began thinking about this memoir- its somewhat vague title, Love and Trouble: Memoirs of a Former Wild Girl , scarcely clues at the places it takes you- Dederer was 44 years old, and in possession of a life that was, by any criteria, blessed. On her island, a democratic stronghold that is reachable only by ferry, she was living in her very pretty house( it has a badminton court and looks out over woodland) with her husband and two children; a journalist, she was also enjoying a big success with her first volume, the best-selling Poser: A Mother’s Life in Twenty-Three Yoga Poses ( as Elizabeth Gilbert, the author of Eat, Pray, Love and a major Dederer fan , notes:” It is very difficult to find books about yoga that aren’t incredibly riling .”)
But appearances can be deceptive. Somewhere inside her, it was as if a switch had been flipped. She was having some kind of midlife crisis, one that involved some unnervingly juvenile behaviour. First went the listlessness and the crying jag. Then came the amazing friskiness: the compulsive flirting, the yearning for sexual “obliteration”. Taking all these symptoms into account, it passed to her that the person she most resembled all of sudden was the” disastrous pirate slut of a girl” she’d been as a adolescent.
Was this- whisper it- the menopause? No.” It had nothing to do with my hormones ,” she tells me now, sounding nearly weary at the believe.” It was an existential crisis; it was about the death of beauty and the decaying body – you know, the succumbing animal. Unlike men, who usually run through this apprehension of their own finality in their 60 s, females tend to come up against it more in their 40 s. I’m pretty sure it has to do with the end of sex viability, with the loss of the male gaze .”
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Ever since LSD was first synthesized back in the 1930 s, psychotherapists have been interested in using hallucinogenic drugs to treat a range of mental disorders. However, attempts to do so have struggled to gain widespread support from the medical community, partly because the visionary journeys these substances generate are so idiosyncratic, and therefore difficult to analyze. Yet a team of researchers believe they have now observed a way to scientifically analyze the mystical experiences produced by psilocybin-containing mushrooms, potentially opening the door for their use in psychological therapy.
Publishing their findings in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, the team definesmystical experience usingfour central characteristics. These include a sense of mysticism, meaning a sensation of sacredness or unity with all things, positive mood, transcendence of period and space, and ineffability or be thought that the experience is beyond words.
The team of psychiatrists and neuroscientists from the John Hopkins University School of Medicine have developed a 30 -item Mystical Experience Questionnaire, “ve called the” MEQ3 0, which addresses all four of these elements and can be used to obtain an overall score to describe the intensity of the mystic experience. This was achieved by analyzing data collected from five laboratory-based experimentations, in which a total of 184 participants “ve been given” moderate to high dosages of psilocybin and asked to describe their experience.
For instance, in order to determine the level of mysticism, the MEQ3 0 asks participants to state how strongly they felt connected to ultimate reality.Data relating to transcendence of space of hour, meanwhile, is extracted from the degree to which participants lost their usual awareness of where[ they] were.
More crucially, such studies authors claim that scores obtained from the MEQ3 0 can be accurately used to predict the long-term effects of psilocybin use, since the data revealed that those who attained greater mystic experiences also reported continued improvements in their state of mind further down the line. This builds on previous studies which have revealed that patients who are deemed to have had a complete mystical experience on psilocybin are more likely to feel increased wellbeing or life gratification 14 months later.
While the study authors insist that the biological mechanisms underlying mystical experiences have not been identified, recent research into the subject has led to the development of a number of hypothesis. For instance, a study at Imperial College London exposed how psilocybin caused a decrease in brain activity in the parts of the brain typically associated with the sense of ego, or ego.At the same hour, an increase in communication between certain other parts of the brain was observed, producing a pattern of activity that resembled dream sleep.
Findings such as this have led to the rise of the word psychointegrator to describe psychedelic substances such as psilocybin, since they incorporate neuronal activity by increasing connectivity and communicationin the brain. To dedicate an idea of what this looks like, the image below compares functionalbrainnetworks observedunder normal conditions and on psilocybin.
Image: Simplified visualization of fMRI( Functional magnetic resonance imaging) offunctional brain networksunder normal conditions( left) and on psilocybin( right ). Research image byDr. Robin Carhart-Harris, presented at Breaking Convention on July 12 th 2015. Photograph by Benjamin Taub for IFLScience .
However, while scientists are working to unravel the mechanisms by which psychedelic compounds work on the brain, the situation remains extremely complex and the effects of such substances are still hard to predict. For instance, it is generally held that psychedelic experiences are staggeringly influenced by the factors of set and defining.Set refers to the psychological condition of the person or persons ingesting the narcotic, while defining indicates actual surrounds in which the substance is taken. With the development of the MEQ3 0, though, it is hoped that these effects can be more scientifically classified and analyzed, leading to a greater understanding of how psychedelics can be used to treat psychological disorders.
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( CNN) There’s a good chance you are thinking of ways to live healthier in the new year. Whether you want to fell 10 pounds, improve your cholesterol or have more energy, we have five food-related New Year’s resolutions that will help you achieve your goals.Continue reading
( CNN) You know Swiss food. Skewered lumps of bread swirled in volcanically hot cheese fondue, followed by copious quantities of chocolate with a side order of muesli. Right?
Dogs found dead after eating poisonous mushrooms in owner's yard
(Meredith) â A North Carolina woman is heartbroken after two of her dogs died from eating poisonous mushrooms in her yard. When Janna Joyner returned home from work Sunday night, she found her beloved dogs Drago and Adoni dead, WRAL-TV reports. Four of …
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A lot of people who do drugs or smoke weed arent the individuals who typically conform to societal norms.
They break the law to get the good stuff that takes you deep into your subconscious, and they have a tight-knit society that follows a loosely codified standard of behaviour that is passed on by word of mouth, ballad lyrics, and scenes in movies.
Among these rules are the common motif of sharing, caring and being discreet; if you violate these rules, you wont inevitably be sent to jail. You will, however, most definitely not be invited into another smoke session.
Dont be that guy. Be the cool guy.
Brian Cox, Garry Kasparov, Gaia Vince and other starrings of science writing pick the books that fired their imaginations
Cosmologist Sean Carrolls book The Big Picture is about the origin of the universe. It looks at what scientific knowledge means and what it means to be a human in this vast cosmo. Its very much in the tradition of Carl Sagans Cosmos, which is one of my all-time favourite science books. Books like that are not only about science, they set science in the wider context of national societies.
Such books are valuable because they explain and present not only the things weve learned about a comparatively esoteric subject, but link those discoveries to our experience. Learning about nature teaches us about ourselves and how we should behave. I think that the best science volumes attain that connection.
Brian Cox is Professor of Particle Physics at the University of Manchester and the Royal Society Professor for Public Engagement in Science Gaia Vince is the author of Adventures in the Anthropocene, winner of the Royal Society Winton prize for science volumes 2015 Former world chess champ Garry Kasparov. Photograph: Thomas Samson/ AFP/ Getty Images Garry Kasparov was the 13 th world chess champ and is the author of Deep Thinking
Andrea Wulf. Photograph: Murdo Macleod for the Guardian Andrea Wulf is the author of The Invention of Nature, the winner of the Royal Society Insight Investment science book prize 2016 Adam Rutherford is a science writer, broadcaster and former geneticist
Claudia Hammond is a writer and broadcaster Writer and palaeontologist Richard Fortey. Photo: Eamonn McCabe for the Guardian Richard Fortey is a writer, broadcaster, palaeontologist and a Fellow of the Royal Society
Nobel chemistry laureate Venki Ramakrishnan. Photo: Andy Hall for the Observer
Migraines are very serious headaches that can be debilitating as shooting pains to the head occur, while nausea, vomiting and light sensitivity can also be experienced. Over 3 million US adult citizens suffer from migraine assaults, so it is very important to get the word out on how relief can be sought. Over the counter meds going to be able to, but few genuinely deal with the true issues causing the migraines.
Turns out there are inadequacies in our diets that can cause migraines to occurs. Here you can check out four of the most important things which are lacking in our bodies which in turn will cause migraines.
Migraines can be mild to severe, thus the therapy can be different. While theres no cure there are meds that help and avoid. Theres ache relieving meds and then theres preventive meds.
The pain relievers include things like aspirin, Tylenol and ibuprofen. Opioid medications, Anti-nausea medications and Ergots are also relievers.
Preventive medications include Beta blockers, anti-depressants, anti-seizure medications and some pain relievers.
Sometimes its the body lacking important compounds which can be the key to solving the migraine puzzle. Here are four very important compounds to take note of 😛 TAGEND
Folic acid and Vitiman B12
These play a huge role for preventing anemia and if they are lacking they can be the cause of migraines, as well as causing fatigue, memory loss and irritability.
The catch-2 2 when taking aspirin to relieve migraine pain, is that the aspirin may lower the level of folic acid and construct B12 absorption difficult. So while you are relieving pain on one hand, you are opening up the door for more migraines on the other.
Copper and Iron
More prone in females than humen, low levels of these can cause anemia which is the major cause of migraines. When copper levels are high, then this constructs it easier fro iron to be absorbed with foods we ingest. Kale, beans, nuts, goat cheese and avocados are all copper rich sources, while beans, whole grains, sunflower seeds, green leafy veggies and even chocolates are high in iron.
This vitamin is found in cerals, beans, veggies, and liver. Its used for the therapy of both anemia and pyridoxine inadequacy, as well as heart disease. But migraine preventinon is where this vitamin really shines.
Its important for maintaining sugar, proteins and fats all functioning properly in the body while the committee is also keeps the brain, nerves and blood vessels healthy. Magnesium absorption it also assists in.
1. 7mg of pyridoxine everyday through natural foods is recommended.
Low high levels of vitamin D can cause the body to poorly assimilate magnesium while increasing inflammation responses. Inadequacy of vitamin D is related to migraines.
You can up your D doses by exposure to sunlight, which is especially important during the winter months. Vitamin D can be taken through foods such as eggs, beans, beef liver, mushrooms, milk and orange juice.
If you do experience very severe migraines, always see a doctor.Continue reading