After the fires killed 11 and devastated vast swaths of land in January many are asking if subsidised timber plantations are to blame
The smoke has almost cleared, the blazes that raged over half a million hectares of woodlands, shrub and grassland largely extinguished, but the air is still thick with recriminations against Chiles eucalyptus and pine plantation owners who are accused of putting profits before safety.
Following the worst fires in the countrys history, activists are asking whether the unregulated expansion of the forestry industry for the purposes of the despot Augusto Pinochet will lead to more problems in a future that is likely to be hotter and drier as a result of climate change.
Eleven people were killed and close to 1,600 dwellings were lost to the flames which erupted in January, along with hundreds of thousands of hectares of woodland and farmland.
Fire chiefs said that multiple factors caused the flame, but environmentalists say the toll was higher than it should have been because plantations had expanded to the edge of communities and companies had failed to insert firebreaks.
Weve been advising the forestry sector for the last eight years about the growing threats; and these plantations are never subjected to environmental assessment of risks theyre entirely unregulated, said Sara Larran, former presidential candidate and director of the environmental NGO Chile Sustentable.
The US Forest Service deems eucalyptus plantations highly flammable and recommends that they should always be separated from human settlements by firebreaks. With respect to Monterey pine the most common species planted in Chile the same body states that fire is a particular hazard to young, thin-barked trees and can be disastrous in dense plantations where persistent lower limbs become festooned with dead needles, resulting in an ideal situation for crowning fires.Continue reading
'Frogs' and 'mushrooms' bubble up in quantum fluids
The simulations have produced some unusual shapes, including 'mushrooms' and this frog-like shape. â¦more. Bose Einstein Condensates are gases made of atoms that are so cold, all of their motion nearly ceases. As the Indian physicist Satyendra Nath …
âFrogsâ and âmushroomsâ bubble up in quantum fluidsThe Ohio State University News
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The long read: The latest demise tendency is a cross between hygge and Marie Kondo: a sign that dying well has become one of the defining preoccupations of our times
Last spring, at Green-Wood cemetery in Brooklyn, where the artist Jean-Michel Basquiat is interred, another conceptual artist, Sophie Calle, launched an installation called Here Lie the Secrets of the Guests of Green-Wood Cemetery. For the next 25 years, anyone pas by will be able to write down their most intimate secrets and inter them in a grave designed by the artist. The cemetery also hosts moonlit tours, cocktail parties, dance performances, and even yoga classes.
Death is hot right now, and upbeat collects in graveyards are just a small part of the trend. One of the chief desires of our time is to turn everything we touch into a reflection of who we are, how we live and how we want others to view us- and demise is no exception. Once merely the inevitable, death has become a new bourgeois rite of passage that, much like bridals or births, must now be minutely schemed and personalised. Not since the Victorian era’s fetishisation of demise, with its all-black attire, elaborated mourn jewellery and seances, has death been so appealingly packaged. Every demise must be in some way special and on-trend. Finally, the hipster can die as he lived.
If you fancy an environmentally friendly burial, you can choose to be wrap in a biodegradable artisanal shroud, decorated to your specifications by the bespoke company Vale for $545.( It’s just $ 68 for pets .) Or you can be buried, as the celebrated California chef Alice Waters says she wants to be, in a burial pyjama suit seeded with mushrooms that help your body decompose more quickly. A few years ago, artist Jae Rhim Lee delivered a Ted talk while wearing one such suit- a black hooded one-piece threaded with white veins infused with mushroom spores. On stage, Lee cheerfully explained that she is train mushrooms to feed her when she dies by feeding them her hair, fingernails and dead scalp so they recognise her body.
Read more: www.theguardian.comContinue reading
( CNN) There are two things you can be sure of when it comes to your taste bud in Morocco:
Since it was identified on Google Earth in 2005, the woodland of Mount Mabu has amazed scientists with its unique wildlife. Jeffrey Barbee joins explorer Professor Julian Bayliss on the first journey to its green heart
The soggy boots of the team slide backwards in the black mud as they fight up towards the ridge line dividing the forest edge from one of the last unexplored places on Earth.
The rain is an incessant barrage of watery bullets firing down through the tree canopy. Thunder crashes. Tangles of vines and spider webs make for a Hollywood movie scene of genuinely impenetrable jungle.
Near the front of the 7 hikers is a Welshman carrying a billhook, a backpack virtually the same size as him, and what appears to all intents and purposes to be a briefcase. The slope is so immerse that the heavy briefcase clatters against the ground at every step, so he swings it in front of him clonk like a ship use an anchor to warp out of harbour against the green, vertical tide. He takes two steps up and swingings the occurrence up the hill again. Clonk.
On this wet March day in Mozambique, Professor Julian Bayliss, naturalist, explorer, fellow of the Royal Geographical and Royal Entomological societies, is heading deep into the green heart of the Mabu forest for the first time. The forest, also known as the Google forest after the route he detected it using Google Earth in 2005, has more recently been called the butterfly wood, after the butterflies that congregate around the summit of Mount Mabu at certain times of year. Many of the species since identified here carry Baylisss name. These include Nadzikambia baylissi , the sleek little chameleon with the prehensile tail, and Cymothoe baylissi , the graceful wood gliding butterfly, both of which exist only here within the largest rainforest in southern Africa.
One other thing we have discovered on this trip, wails Bayliss, with a huge grinning over the audio of yet another downpour on another day on another seemingly unending hillside ascent, Mabu is not flat.
The scientific discovery of Mount Mabu was a huge breakthrough. Running with Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, the Mozambique governments institute for agricultural research( IIAM) and the Darwin Initiative, Bayliss was sitting at his laptop looking at Google Earth in 2005, when he wondered whether mountains in Mozambique might also harbour some of the species he was uncovering in nearby Malawi. So he and a Malawian botanist named Hassam Patel decided to take a look.
As reported by the Observer , over the years Bayliss and the Kew Gardens team have since identified three new species of snake, eight species of butterfly, a at-bat, a crab, two chameleons and many plants, as well as a trove of rare birds that are critically endangered.
However , no one has ever journeyed into the heart of the forest until now. Previous discoveries came from the forest base camp, the peak and a small spacecraft camp, all on the lower eastern edge. To investigate Mabus secrets further, an expedition has been undertaken this month by the international scientific and environmental reporting initiative Alliance Earth.
The Alliance Earth squads objectives were to create a 3D map, uncover new species, check on the health of the forest, publish an ethno-botanical study, seek out potential non-timber wood products, make a feature documentary and movie a 360 -degree virtual reality experience for museums and science centres around the world, so everyone can explore the mountains mysteries.
This is a new species of Dipsadoboa, Bayliss says, holding the poison tree snake with a twinge of obvious concern. As it writhes, he holds it farther away from his torso. This is currently undescribed, it doesnt have a name yet. Stretching out imploringly, the serpent tries to reach the perceived safety of my video camera. To find an actual new species of snake is extremely exciting, and very rare. He has now found three new serpents in Mabus forest.
According to Bayliss, on this trip the team have identified at least one new butterfly species, and quite possibly more, once genetic testing confirms them. They have also discovered a Caecilian, one of the rarest animals on Earth, which is sort of a cross between a reptile and amphibian, and may be a new type of its kind.
But these precious determines arent the only new discoveries that have him aroused. Under a huge tree he airs his wet boots, squeezing his socks dry before putting them on again. Yesterday was great. We discovered a new waterfall, which is fantastic. Weve never been here before, and because its the rainy season the water was only crashing through the rocks.
More discoveries have come daily, such as the valley of giants, an open canyon with a central created ridge surrounded by the largest grouping of big trees yet received. Their vast trunks stretch upwards like a cathedral, blending into the green nave of leaves hundreds of metres above. These waterfalls, huge trees, deep canyons, and riverside camping spots are important geographical discoveries that Bayliss hopes will assist bring tourists here.
At days the forest guidebooks are clearly as perplexed about directions as the team, looping round in ever-widening circles in search of a way across the labyrinth of folded valleys, often climbing up and down one penalise ridge after another in order to make headway.Continue reading
ood is a part of everyone’s life. Whether you love food, or simply eat it to keep surviving, there is a food hack out there for you. These tips-off run across dishes and offerings from all sorts of cuisines, so whether it’s Jell-O or tacos or burgers, we’ve got a tip-off for you!
( OK. We don’t actually have any Jell-O hacks for anyone in this list, but maybe…add Cool-Whip? Sorry. That’s the best we can do for Jell-O fans .)
The bottom will get crispy while your toppings on top get nice and melty. A microwave doesn’t even come close.
If you put your favorite little fungu through an egg slicer, they’ll come out perfect as a pizza topping!
For a pizza tip…see above.( Not all tips will tie into each other this well .)
That’s the kind of thing that is so ingenious you wonder if that was intended by can manufacturers. And builds you wonder why you didn’t think of it first.
Never do that awkward” grab the straw with your tongue” thing again.
So just use an ice cream scoop to get out the delicious insides! Nothing tells summertime like watermelon.
If there’s one thing we all love to eat, it’s pasta. But with all the carbs and heavy sauces, the experience always leaves us sitting in unhappines, staring at the empty bowl. Fortunately for pasta lovers everywhere, there are healthy alternatives that are just as satisfying.
They’re incredibly tasty, and your waistline will thank you.
Find one you love? I didn’t either( because I want all 20 of them ). I guess it’s time to head to Whole Foods.
Should be a good year for morel mushrooms in Ohio
Cleveland 19 News
There's good news because according to Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) Naturalist Erin Shaw this should be a good season. "Flood, fallen trees and fire propagate morels," Shaw said. "We've had lots of flooding and fallen trees this year …
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I guess most people would agree both pizza and bagels are fairly fantastic on their own.
So, whichever Frankenfood genius decided to put these two things together to invent the almighty pizza bagel deserves a lot of credit.
Growing up, pizza bagels were my all-time favorite snacks, and no matter how old I get, these cheesy disks will always hold a special place in my heart.
In fact, my love burns so strongly for these tasty treats I’ve managed to set my kitchen on fire in the process of stimulating them on more than one occasion.( Long narrative short, you should probably avoid employing the oven when you are drunk .)
If you ask me, it’s no coincidence both National Pizza Day and National Bagel Day happen to fall in the same week.
So in honor of these eating occasions, I set out to find a bunch of ways you can upgrade your beloved bagels by turning them into all sorts of insanely delicious pizzas that will blow your mind.
The medications were wrapped in Ziploc purses, covered in duct videotape, and hidden below a balcony right near a crowded sidewalk in Kiev, Ukraine.
The package was left there by a dealer known online as Brooklyn Flea Shop. The product was easy to find for the buyer, someone who goes by the alias of Mahadeva, the name of both the Great God of Hinduism and a legendary evildoer in Buddhism.
Bending below a balcony like this didnt appear natural at all, Mahadeva worried. Someone must have thought it was strange. The treasures place was not very good, he wrote afterward. Oh well.
One gram of speedamphetamine sulfate is the kind of stuff that can induce euphoria, drench you in sweat, and skip your heartbeatcosts 250 Ukrainian Hryvnia ($ 11 U.S .) pay money in Bitcoin, a cheap buy for a big high.
The exchange on the Kiev sidewalk is known as a dead fell, a drug deal where the buyer is instructed to find the drug at a concealed place inside a city. Its only one route that Kiev does the Dark Net its own way.
As Ukraine holds on to an increasingly delicate peace, the country remains divided by armed troops. There is, however, at the least one thing that moves reliably through the cities and across dangerous borders: illegal drugs sourced from the Dark Net.
The first Ukrainian Dark Net market, launched on the eve of the country’s civil war in May 2013, has so far survived the bloody combats and continues to be a recreational pharmacy for thousands of members inside a country struggling to emerge from crisis.
PsyCo, short for Psychedelic Community, is working to psychoactive substances. In many ways, PsyCo operates much like other Dark Net markets: It contains a small library of personal reports and information on medications as well as an active black market that helps traders and purchasers move the dope to Kiev and beyond.
While the national economy cratered due to civil war, Ukraine became a cybercrime behemoth. Dark Net drug dealer are a small blip on the radar compared to some of the country’s big hacking rings, whose targets range from banks to stock market to credit card giants.
Brooklyn Flea Shop is but one of several Ukrainian dealers offering a store full of drugs to be snorted or smoked, Chinese psychedelics( 25 p-nbome ), magic mushrooms, the synthetic stimulant a-PVP, and a biblical garden of marijuanawhich appears to be the most popular narcotic around, just as it is in much of the rest of the world. In most routes, Brooklyn Flea Shop fits in well in any Dark Net black market. But the Kiev dead drop-off situateds it apart.
In the West, self-styled Dark Net experts laugh at the dead drop-off. They roll their eyes and demean anyone who would move medications this way. But it worked for Mahadeva and his friend. So, with the transaction complete, they headed back to their flat, where they cut up the speed into two 50 -milligram lines and snorted it, agreeably surprised at the smoothness of the stuff.
Mahadeva had heard narratives of horrible burning and dripping mucous from others whod taken Brooklyns product, but here with the narcotic finally inside him, he experienced a heavenly anticipation.
Twenty minutes after the drug disappeared up his nostril, Mahadeva felt tingling nerves that rose into euphoria. The pair played video games, their mouths hanging open, until the stimulation they felt grew too strong, creating an insatiable desire to leave their flat. Mahadeva and his partner hurried outside to explore Kiev.
Like most Dark Net markets, PsyCo exists as a concealed website on Tor, an American-backed anonymity network that allows users to communicate behind multiple layers of encryption to protect their identity and data. Drugs are paid for with Bitcoin and delivered through the mail or, sometimes, concealed around big cities.
The Dark Nets lingua franca has always been English. But for the last three years, small but steadily surviving localized markets in Eastern Europe and Eastern Asia are opening up anonymous trade to potentially hundreds of millions of Internet users who converse in languages like Chinese, Russian, and Ukrainian. The actual active number of non-English-speaking users right now appears to be much smaller, but it’s clear the Dark Net has room to grow.
In the markets of Russia and Ukraine, dead fells have become cheap and quick alternatives to the classic Dark Net tactic of postal smuggling. When youre in cities like Moscow and Kiev, you can get a drug the same day.
Ukraines PsyCo follows in the footsteps of a Moscow-based Russian cadre of drug dealers responsible for the Russian Anonymous Marketplace( RAMP ). Founded in early 2012, RAMP has survived to become the longest-lasting Dark Net market in the world( although it lately suffered a sustained denial-of-service assault ).
In a shadowy arena where heavyweights rapidly rise and fall, the Russians built a lasting institution that reaches from the center to the edges of the Russosphere including Belorussia, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine.
At 4,500 members, PsyCo is small and simple when put up next to the biggest black markets around.
When Silk Road debuted in 2011, it was compared to massive sites like Amazon and eBay. Underneath the hood, Silk road had the code and organization to feel like a modern online shopping mall, right down to its carts and five-star reviews. Some of the big marketplaces have grown more technically advanced in the years since.
By contrast, local marketplaces like PsyCo run on old-fashioned Internet forums, where bargains are hashed out in private messages and security relies even more on trust rather than hard-coded solutions( a mistake plenty of big English-language markets have made as well ). Then again, simple code can entail less avenues of assault for hackers, so maybe there’s virtue in dropping the high-tech shopping cart.
Mahadevas speedy surge around Kiev felt like a victory. To anyone else watch, it only looked like a couple of fast-talking and quick-walking guys, smiling ridiculously as they stormed from block to block.
The pair of friends felt like they were sprinting from great notion to great notion, motivated and cheerful until they returned home. This velocity journey was more useful than merely a freaked-up stomp around Kiev.
Dark Net markets are in many ways powered by trust and word-of-mouth. After all, black markets have no government regulator, newspaper critic, or Yelp reviewer checking for quality and safety. When you’re buying drugs, the best reason you have to hope that your high will be safe and sweet is that the last guy who took these medications is still smiling and still alive.
Mahadeva’s speed high was a quality-assurance test then. In a few days, he would sit down and write a detailed blow-by-blow of how the velocity hit his body, which he published on PsyCo. Brooklyn’s future clients would be happy to read it.
Not right away though. As he laid in bed, pressure grew somewhat on Mahadevas head until he passed out at six in the morning, happy and fatigued and ready to conduct another exam very soon.
Illustration by Max Fleishman